The Harvard citation style does not have source document listing out how the various types of sources are to be cited in the Reference List. This guide is based on a wide range of Harvard guides available online.
To view how sources are cited in Harvard style, you may click on the tabs to know more.
One author if the author's name appears in the sentence itself, write the publication year of your source in the parenthetical citation.
If the author's name does not appear in the sentence itself, state the author's surname (i.e. last name) and year of publication.
To differentiate the different works, use the lower case letters (a, b, c) with the year of publication with the order of the listing based on the letter-by-letter alphabetical order of the title of the work.
For a source with 2 or 3 authors, state the authors surname (i.e. last names) in the text or in the parenthetical citation.
If a source has 4 or more authors, provide the first author's surname (i.e. last name) followed by "et al". However, in the reference list, all authors' names must be listed.
This general rule in-text citation or in the reference list is to start with the author's surname or family name. In Western names, the surname is the last name element. However, Chinese names, the surname is the first element. In some other Asian names, there are no surname elements. As such, use the first name element.
|Chinese Name||In-text Citation||List of reference|
|Wee Ka Siong (The first name is the surname)||(Wee 2014)||Wee, KS|
|Alvin Yau Kok Lim (Surname interpose between Christian name and other personal name element)||(Yau 2014)||Yau, AKL|
|Malay name without surname|
|Shahnon Ahmad||(Shahnon 2014)||Shahnon, A|
|Ungku A. Aziz Ungku Abdul Hamid||(Ungku A. Aziz 2014)||Ungku A. Aziz, UAH|
|Tan Sri Datuk Hamzah Sendut||(Hamzah 1989)||Hamzah, S|
Malaysia Sikh name where Kaur or Singh is not used as surname
|Mukhtiar Kaur||(Mukhtiar 2014)||Mukhtiar, K|
|Indian names with surname which is usually the last name|
|Romesh Chunder Dutt||(Dutt 1906)||Dutt, RC|
|Lal Bahadur Shastri||(Shastri 1962)||Shastri, LB|
|Kannad, Malayalam, Tamil and Telugu names without surname|
|C. Sankaran Nair||(Sankaran Nair 1922)||Sankaran Nair, C|
|S. R. Ranganathan||(Ranganathan 1966)||Ranganathan, SR|
Use full title for the first citation. Abbreviate title for second or subsequent citations.
Include the page number after the publication year.
Harvard Citation Style guides from the following institutions:
Web Library Guide No. 24
Document No. WL/024
8 March 2017
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